URBAN PHILOSOPHER
Conscience Laureate

Monday, October 22, 2012

WHY I WILL NEVER OWN A BUSINESS AGAIN


The Chicago Tribune ran a story on Sunday about the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) warning business that conducting a criminal background check on prospective employees might  subject the company  to a discrimination lawsuit. The commission stated that people cannot be denied employment based solely on criminal histories.  But knowing that information would be exactly why I would NOT want to hire someone!

I decided to do some research on the subject.  I read the” Consideration of Arrest and Conviction Records in Employment Decisions, Under Title VII ofthe Civil Rights Act of 1964,” and learned the following:
Summary
·         “An employer’s use of an individual’s criminal history in making employment decisions may, in some instances, violate the prohibition against employment discrimination under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended.
·         The Guidance discusses disparate treatment and disparate impact analysis under Title VII.
*   A violation may occur when an employer treats criminal history information differently for different applicants or employees, based on their race or national origin (disparate treatment liability).
*   An employer’s neutral policy (e.g., excluding applicants from employment based on certain criminal conduct) may disproportionately impact some individuals protected under Title VII, and may violate the law if not job related and consistent with business necessity (disparate impact liability).”
The reasons for this change in policy are astounding and are explained by the following suppositions:

(1)        In the last twenty years, there has been a significant increase in the number of Americans who have had contact with the criminal justice system and, concomitantly, a major increase in the number of people with criminal records in the working-age population.
(2)         In 1991, only 1.8% of the adult population had served time in prison. After ten years, in 2001, the percentage rose to 2.7% (1 in 37 adults).
(3)        By the end of 2007, 3.2% of all adults in the United States (1 in every 31) were under some form of correctional control involving probation, parole, prison, or jail.
(4)        The Department of Justice’s Bureau of Justice Statistics (DOJ/BJS) has concluded that, if incarceration rates do not decrease, approximately 6.6% of all persons born in the United States in 2001 will serve time in state or federal prison during their lifetimes.
(5)         In light of employers’ increased access to criminal history information, case law analyzing Title VII requirements for criminal record exclusions, and other developments, the Commission has decided to update and consolidate in this document all of its prior policy statements about Title VII and the use of criminal records in employment decisions. Thus, this Enforcement Guidance will supersede the Commission’s previous policy statements on this issue.

The conclusion of the EEOC is that:

“With respect to criminal records, there is Title VII disparate impact liability where the evidence shows that a covered employer’s criminal record screening policy or practice disproportionately screens out a Title VII-protected group and the employer does not demonstrate that the policy or practice is job related for the positions in question and consistent with business necessity.”

What all that basically sifts down to is that because more people are going to prison and it is easier nowadays to obtain information that someone is a criminal, the criminal need to be put in a protected Title VII group to make sure they are not being discriminated against!

Jeff Nowak, a Chicago labor and employment attorney was quoted in the Tribune story explaining an employer’s conundrum, “Do I want to risk ... being sued by the EEOC or risk criminal conduct by future employees that might impact my clients?"

Think how you would answer that question if any of the people listed below applied for a job at your company.  They were all granted executive clemency or a pardon last year by Illinois Governor Pat Quinn.  Be ready for the lawsuit.




 April 22, 2011 Governor Grants
Last Name
First Name
Offense
County(s) of Conviction
Governor Action
Chesney
Steven
Theft; Burglary
Carroll
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Crobsy
Nicholas
Burglary
Champaign
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Mulokwa
Robert
Del. & Poss of Cannabis; Unl Poss w/intent to Del Cont Sub
Cole; Champaign
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Bland
Shatone
Possession of Controlled Substance
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Brillhart-Talley
Stacie
Retail Theft
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Brown
Portia
Theft
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Brown
Jimmie
Aggravated Assault
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Bryant
Mildred
Prostitution
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Carothers
Deborah
Battery; Retail Theft
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Carroccio
Anthony
Battery
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Denman
Leanneal A., Sr.
Manufacture/Delivery of a Controlled Substance
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Diaz
Juan
Carry/Possession of a Firearm in Public
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Dorris
Margaret
Disorderly Conduct; Battery; Obstructing a Police Officer; Retail Theft
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Eason
Zeruiah
Possession with Intent to Deliver
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Fahey
Philip
Burglary
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Hale
Cary
Burglary
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Hammond
Donald Jr.
Possession of Cannabis; Battery
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Harris
Linda
Aggravated Assault
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Holloway
Willie D.
Robbery
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Jackson
Lester
Unlawful Use of Weapon
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Jackson
Barbara
Battery
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Jaramilla
David
Burglary
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Jiminez
Fabian
Burglary
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement





King
Lorrainne
Theft, Possession of a Firearm
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Kirby
Darryl
Theft; Looting
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
LeFlore
Betty
Theft and Forgery
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Lonie
Ronald
Delivery of a Controlled Substance (two counts)
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Mata
Jose
Aggravated Battery
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Meraz
Manuel
Aggravated Battery
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Monda
Jeffrey
Criminal Trespass to Vehicle
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Moore (aka Danielle Hoy, Tammie Terrelle Brown)
Tammie
Possession of a Controlled Substance with Intent to Deliver
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Parks
Reginald
Delivery of a Controlled Substance
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Perkins
Carolyn
Theft
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Porter (aka Dorter; aka Hopkins)
Felicia
Theft
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Profit
Jacqueline
Possession of Controlled Substance
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Reeves
Essie
Theft by Deception
Cook
Grant Pardon Only
Rhodes
Clarence
Possession of Controlled Substance with Intent to Deliver
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Ruffin
Lawrence
Possession of a Stolen Motor Vehicle
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Sieben
Laura
Battery
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Smith
Frederick
Burglary
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Smith
April
Possession with Intent to Deliver
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Smith
Eric
Carry/Possess/Deface Firearm
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Stubbs
Edward E.
Theft
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Tapia
Jhon Andrade
Possession of Controlled Substance
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungemen

Tasch
James
Burglary; Poss. Stolen Property
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Turner
Robert L. Jr.
Burglary
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Velazquez
Joann
Man/Del of a Controlled Substance
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Walton
Charlene
Armed Robbery Discharge of Firearm
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Williams
Merilyn
Theft
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Wilson
Catherine
Theft
Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Chambers
Lisa
Possession of a Controlled Substance; Retail Theft
Cook; Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Love
Eric
Possession and Delivery of a Controlled Substance (two counts)
Cook; Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungment
Williams
Franklin
Burglary; Theft; Theft
Cook; Cook
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Consolazio
Jason
Arson
DuPage
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Folden
Donald
Assault with Intent to Rob
DuPage
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Hinton
Nikesha
Delivery of a Controlled Substance
DuPage
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Hostick (nka Kames)
Rhonda
Burglary
DuPage
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Williams
Linda
Retail Theft
DuPage
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Loehr
Gabrielle
Possession of Burglary Tools
Grundy
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Cunningham
Kevin
Knowing Damage to Property; Possession of Cannabis; Robbery
Kane;Kane
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Abdeljaber
Emad
Reckless Discharge of a Firearm
Lake
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Branklin
Chad
Burglary; Theft
Lake
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Harding
Todd
Theft
Macon
Grant Pardon & Expungement, FOID Language
Roberts
Troy
Unlawful Removal of Vehicle Part
McDonough
Grant Expungement Only
Embrey
Jason
Unlawful Possession with Intent to Deliver
McHenry
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Boykin
Kisha
Theft of more than $300
McLean
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Coates (nka Teverbaugh)
Ladonna
Retail Theft
McLean
Grant Pardon & Expungement


Humphrey
Michael
Theft
McLean
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Rush
Wyatt
Manufacture/Delivery of Cannabis on School Grounds (two counts)
McLean
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Warner
Robert Earl Jr.
Burglary
McLean
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Wiley
Trini
Felony Retail Theft (two counts)
McLean
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Thompson
Emily Lynn
Possession of Cannabis with Intent to Deliver
Menard
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Sowarsh
Bonnie
Battery
Montgomery
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Dietrich
Zachary
Obstructing Justice
Peoria
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Jones
Anthony
Theft
Peoria
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Flemings (-Reynolds)
Shelly
Obstructing Justice
Piatt
Grant Expungement Only
Boyd
Shawn
Resisting a Peace Officer
Rock Island
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Wiman
Robert W.
Theft (two counts); Theft (two counts)
Saline; Saline
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Henderson
Runyon
Unlawful Restraint
Sangamon
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Smith
Thelma
Reckless Conduct
St. Clair
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Pinney
Robert
Unlawful Possession of a Controlled Substance
Warren
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Nunley
Jeremy
Burglary
Whiteside
Grant Pardon & Expungement
Kramer
Patricia
Deceptive Practices
Winnebago
Grant Pardon & Expungement